CRP en el Perú
End the State of Emergency! No Faith in the Generals, Islamists or the Bourgeois Politicians of the PPP and PML! For a Workers’ and Peasants’ Government!
On 3 November, President Pervez Musharraf declared a state of emergency supposedly to fight terrorism and protect supporters of the main opposition party, the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP). Indeed on 30 October a suicide-bomber targeted the president himself and on 18 October, the day PPP leader Benazir Bhutto returned from exile, an Islamist suicide attack killed 140 people in the crowd that had come to welcome her. Officially, Musharraf maintains that general elections will be held in January 2008.
Yet the pretext of defending democracy hardly explains why, once the state of emergency was declared, the government appointed a new president to the Supreme Court to rule on the legality of the recent re-election of the president. Nor does it explain the suspension of television channels; the arrest of thousands of non-Islamist oppositionists in the following days, including militants of the Labour Party Pakistan (LPP); or police repression of protest demonstrations by lawyers and students and those later called by Bhutto and the PPP.
The Bush administration
maneuvered to stabilize
The Taliban and its allies are gaining in strength and waiting to pick up the pieces from the civil war developing between the two most westernized, most modernizing elements of Pakistani society—the army, one of the few functioning institutions of the state, and the elite of civil society, including lawyers, jurists, journalists and students.
Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice attempted to engineer a marriage of these two factions by
trying to orchestrate Bhutto’s return to
By intervening in and
The founding of the
Communist International aimed to unite the revolution of oppressed peoples,
particularly in British-ruled
The Communist Party of
India, pursuing its policy of unconditional support to the British imperialist
war effort, openly and actively opposed mass struggle, and in doing so was the instrument
of British policy in
The paralyzing of the
working class by the policy of the Stalinists permitted the growth of the
bourgeois nationalism of the Congress Party of Gandhi, Bose and Nehru and of the
Muslim League of Jinnah (the first Islamist movement of the 20th century, born of
the initiative of British colonialism). Before abandoning direct domination
over the subcontinent,
The war ended only in
Between 1967 and 1969
students and workers rebelled against the military dictatorship of Ayub Khan.
Socialist revolution was on the agenda but was betrayed by pro-Moscow
Stalinists who supported the bourgeois nationalist Awami League (CPP) and their
pro-Beijing splits, some of which even supported the military dictatorship as
it was an ally of
In 1971, the PPP won
the elections in
During the 1970s,
whether it was Bhutto or Zia who was in charge,
Yet whether there is a new general, Bhutto or Sharif, the new leader would face the same problems that wore out Musharraf.
Social Revolution in Pakistan and a Socialist Federation of South Asia: A Way Out of Reaction and the March to Barbarism
The working class has
recently shown renewed activity through strikes in the steel industry,
telecommunications, air transport and so on. It must make use of the temporary
loss of hegemony of the ruling classes over the petty bourgeoisie, of the deep
divisions within the national bourgeoisie and of the weakening of the state apparatus
to strike out a path independent of the regime and its bourgeois opposition
parties (MMA, PML, PPP). The policy of the “Trotskyists” of the Grantite IMT,
who are members of the PPP, is in this respect as criminal as that of the
Communist Party of India (and its offspring, the Communist Party of Pakistan).
The Labour Party Pakistan (LPP), linked to the United Secretariat of the
“Fourth International,” another reformist tendency disguised as Trotskyist,
advances a popular front perspective – a union of the “left” including
nationalist parties (AT) and politicians from the PPP (MMKG). Any repeat of the
“anti-imperialist united front,” i.e., limitation to a democratic revolution
and submission to the national bourgeoisie, would only lead to disaster for
workers and women as in
The working class must place itself at the head of the struggle against the imperialist domination of the country; defend the democratic freedoms threatened by Musharraf; take up the demands of all the oppressed and semi-exploited (youth, national and religious minorities, women, poor peasants, the self-employed of the cities, etc.); demand the separation of religion and state as well as equality for all citizens regardless of their gender or beliefs; and undermine popular support for the parties of their exploiters, whether they are supported by the ulemas (MMA, etc.) or by the imperialist powers (PPP, etc.). Workers from the cities and the countryside, together with the students, will then be able to free the country from foreign rule, the backwardness of castes and tribalism and patriarchy. They will be able to give land to the peasants, impose workers’ control of industry, buildings and transportation, expropriate the banks and large enterprises, dissolve hypertrophied repressive bodies and arm the masses to protect their gains.
The proletariat can only accomplish these tasks by using its own instruments: workers’ councils and, above all, a revolutionary workers’ party committed to taking power alongside the proletariat of neighboring countries. Beginning now, the unions must unify into a single class-struggle confederation and build a workers’ party separate from all the parties of the capitalists and landowners. The workers’ and students’ organizations must establish connections with workers and youth in Iran, India, Nepal, Iraq, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and so on in order to prevent any threat to the future socialist revolution and to the workers’ and peasants’ government it will create; to put an end to fratricidal wars; to tear down the borders created by colonialism and religious divisions; and thus to open the perspective of the Socialist Federation of South Asia and the Socialist Federation of West Asia.