|Collectif Révolution Permanente|
CRP en el Perú
The world wars and the 1929 and 1973 economic crises, among others, have demonstrated that the capitalist mode of production exhausted its progressive character for long. The survival of the bourgeoisie is only due to wars and to economic crises, which periodically destroy productive forces on a large scale.
The bourgeoisie survived and extended its rule because of betrayals by the reformist apparatuses of the workers’ movement. These repeated historical reprieves do not allow it to a new youth. It manages in allowing the implementation of new conflicts and to economic imbalances that are more and more serious. The contemporary capitalist economy is boosted by debt and by the arms economy (more than 1 100 billion dollars a year), which leads to speculation, financial overdevelopment and militarism.
Capitalism has turned more and more parasitic. Production for profit impedes economic development and seriously threatens environment. The destruction of a whole city of the United states, New Orleans, by a hurricane, gives some indication on the consequences of the global warming, and on the racist feature which are more and more adopted by capitalism. There are more and more States, that divide humanity through more and more outdated boarders.
Urban and countryside workers pay a high price for the preservation of capitalism. Big powers reasserted their rule on the world: after bombing Serbia, invading Afghanistan and Irak, they threaten Iran. Capitalism is restored in Russia, Eastern Europe and China. The former workers’ strongholds in capitalist countries are dismantled by privatizations and restructurings. The rate of exploitation increased due to the intensification of labour and tro the limitation of the increaseof the real wage, or even its fall. Then the rate of profit temporarily increased.
Scientific and technical discoveries too often lead to the reinforcement of exploitation and to oppression of the majority, to waste, by the majority Within the countries who claim themselves as models for democracy, freedom is reduced under the pretext of “fighting terrorism”. Obscurantism and clericalism enjoy a powerful comeback. Barbarism threatens: in Irak the American army is torturing; genocides were or are being committed in former Yugoslavia, in Rwanda, in Sudan; China leaders condemn to death penalty on a large scale in order to sell organs...
Palestinian people live under opression and humiliation. Life expectacncy fell in Russia, thousand miners die every year in China, the Chinese and the Russian new capitalists live in luxury when most of the working people lack everything. Each year, millions people are obliged to flee their country because of war, repression, poverty; in the country where they go, they are often despised, overexploited and persecuted. All the big cities are overpopulated, with people suffering misery and insecurity. Even in countries which are shown as models on employment, unemployment is important; everywhere, the lack of job security for the workers is stronger and stronger.
The privileged and despotic bureaucracies who were running the “socialist” state-controlled economies restored capitalism themselves. The bourgeois nationalist regimes who were challenging the European and American imperialisms after the Second World War generally surrendered. The nationalist leaderships of oppressed people either laid down their arms (ANC, FSLN, FMLN, IRA, ETA...) or support the ruling imperialism (OLP, PDK, UPK…). Their failure reinforced more reactionary, racist and fundamentalist movements.
The big organizations that were created by the proletariat in the late 19th century and in the early 20th century protected their ruling class and their bourgeois State against the last world revolutionary wave, in the 1960s and the 1970s, and then they allowed the counter-offensive by the world bourgeoisie in the 1980s and 1990s. The corrupt union bureaucracies have advocated the national interest, co-managed, prevented general strikes, negotiated plans against the workers; the reformist parties, either social-democratic or Stalinist, have defended their bourgeoisie and, sometimes, faithfully managed their bourgeois State against the workers of their country and of the ruled countries.
During the 1960s and the 1970s, many Castroist, Maoist and pseudo-Trotskyist movements had gained the revolutionary energy of the youth in pretending that they were restoring the flag of revolution which was given up by the “socialist” International and its “communist” parties.
With the backward of the working class, and especially with the restoration of capitalism in Russia and in China, the centrist organizations either disappeared or joined traditional parties, or even built new bourgeois workers’ parties. Most of the former “leftist” or “radical” organizations became reformist, pacifist, if not patriotic. They work together which the union bureaucrats, align with Chavez, present the World Social Forum as “anticapitalist”, they trust the UN or they court green and religious movements. Almost all of them once voted for bourgeois parties (like the LCR in France for Chirac...) and even implement popular fronts (Socialist Workers’ Party in Britain). Some advocate more policemen (Lutte Ouvrière in France) .Other take part in bourgeois governments (Socialist Democracy in Brazil, Maoist Communist Party in Nepal).
On a world scale, the working class has grown. New local concentrations of workers appear, the proletariat is renewed with generations that have been defeated.
Important struggles have been led by the studying youth, in Greece, in Chile, in Italy and in France. Iraqi people have not been put down despite huge British and American military means. The bus drivers and the teachers took strike in Iran, where students and women demonstrated. The Chinese proletariat started to fight collectively despite a strong repression. Many elected presidents were thrown out in Latin America, Venezuelian masses resisted the putsch attempts led by imperialism, Soviet organs were created in Bolivia and in Mexico, with the popular assemblies of El Alto – La Paz and of Oaxaca. In the United States, the demonstrations against the war, the strikes and protests against the measures on the immigrants show that the patriotic consensus around Bush crumbled. In Europe, the demonstrations against the war in Irak were huge in the states which take part in it (Britain, Spanish state, Italy). A real uprising, left without prospect, rocked the suburbs in France. In Africa, workers and students in Guinea took a general strike against Conté’s rule.
The working class (workers, employees, technicians…) is now the majority on a world scale and it creates most of the wealth of society. It is able to prevent humanity to sink in the despair in which the capitalist minority inexorably leads it. If it leads a determined struggle against its bourgeoisie, it will be able to carry a strong part of the poor peasantry, of the studying youth, of the unemployed, of the relegated people from the suburbs of the big cities, and even a part of the management.
In capitulating and in conciliating with the ruling classes, the bureaucratic leaderships lead to demoralization and division between the workers. The workers built their unity against the bourgeoisie. The working class, since it is not an exploiting class, only has the organization for its defence. Because it fights for the unity of its organizations against the bosses, and against the governments in their service, the proletariat demands the leaderships of the unions, the parties, to break with the bourgeoisie. It intends to set workers’ democracy in its unions and its assemblies, to organize its defence against the fascists, against the Islamists, and against all the soldiers of capital.
If the working class manages to overcome the betrayal policy of the “reformist” agents of the bourgeoisie, then the defence of social benefits and of the freedoms, the struggle for the fall in the labor time, for the wages adjustment, against the national oppression, against the imperialist war, for the womens’ emancipation, for the workers’ control... will be efficient and will gather in a huge strength. Then, in a permanent revolution, the strugle in each country for overthrowing the bourgeois state and for a workers’ government based on workers’ power organs, will lead to the expropriation of capital, to the workers’ planning, to the building of socialism and to the world socialist federation.
For this, the most advanced workers must gather in a revolutionary party, because the working class is the first class which, for being revolutionary, must be internationalist. First, it always has immigrants. Then, it is more and more exploited by transnational groups in the United States, in Western Europe and in Japan. Moreover, only the worknig class is able to overcome the boarders who impede the development of the productive forces: socialism only can be created on a world scale.
Permanent Revolution Collective
Colectivo revolución permanente en el Perú (Pérou), Groupe bolchevik (France),
Grupo Germinal (Etat espagnol)